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  1. How to make click Pixelperfect on Canvas DEMO + Tutorial Summary There is no easy way to draw something and capture a pixel perfect click on it with HTML5 canvas. But there is a trick! We can attribute a random color to each Sprite we create then on a new blank buffer canvas, draw all sprites but only with their respective colors. Capture mouse input coordonates on real canvas then look the color of the pixel on the buffer canvas then compare this color with your sprites. If colors matches you clicked on this sprite! Tada! Real pixel perfect inputs! Initial Setup I took 3 sprites. So Basically here, we have a Main class which have an Array of Sprite(x, y, img) instances: this.sprites = [ new Sprite(100, 100, this.imgs.bed), new Sprite(52, 146, this.imgs.table), new Sprite(80, 135, this.imgs.z) ] I had to set coordonates to make those sprites overlaping each other The class for Sprites is pretty simple: export default class Sprite { constructor(x, y, img) { this.x = x this.y = y this.img = img } render (ctx) { ctx.drawImage(this.img, this.x, this.y) } } For this example i didn't add a z or depth property to Sprites, we admit in this example that Sprites ordering is made by their position in array. I set up a time loop to call render which call render on each Sprite: setInterval(() => this.render(), 1000 / 30) ... render () { ... this.sprites.forEach( sprite => { sprite.render(this.ctx) }) } Result: Real things coming up First we need to generate a random color for each sprites and make a new method to render the image but with only one Color. constructor(x, y, img) { this.x = x this.y = y this.img = img ='img-', '') // Return 'bed', 'table' or 'z' = Math.floor(Math.random()*16777215).toString(16); // Return a random HEX Color console.log("Created '" + + "' with color #" +; //We want here to see what color is generated for this sprite } Console returns Now we want to create a method renderColor with a canvas buffer, So we just need to create a canvas with img sizes, fill with generated color then drawImage with destination-atop composition. renderColor (ctx) { var buffer = document.createElement('canvas'); buffer.width = this.img.width; buffer.height = this.img.height; var bx = buffer.getContext('2d'); bx.fillStyle = '#' + bx.fillRect(0,0,buffer.width,buffer.height); bx.globalCompositeOperation = "destination-atop"; bx.drawImage(this.img,0,0); ctx.drawImage(buffer, this.x, this.y) } For debug purposes we can now see the result if we update the render to render those colors sprites: render () { this.sprites.forEach( sprite => { sprite.render(this.ctx) sprite.renderColor(this.ctx) //DEBUG }) } Which give us this result: Create a global buffer for all this color sprites in Main constructor and render color sprites to it instead of the real canvas this.inputCanvas = document.createElement('canvas') this.inputCanvas.width = this.canvas.width this.inputCanvas.height = this.canvas.width this.inputCanvasCtx = this.inputCanvas.getContext('2d') ... render () { this.sprites.forEach( sprite => { sprite.render(this.ctx) // Previously: sprite.renderColor(this.ctx) sprite.renderColor(this.inputCanvasCtx) }) } then add an event listener to the real canvas and get pixel informations on the buffer canvas this.canvas.addEventListener('click', event => { let color = this.inputCanvasCtx.getImageData(event.layerX, event.layerY, 1, 1).data }) Convert the color data to HEX, and just compare with existing sprites! this.canvas.addEventListener('click', event => { let color = this.inputCanvasCtx.getImageData(event.layerX, event.layerY, 1, 1).data let hexColor = ("000000" + this.rgbToHex(color[0], color[1], color[2])).slice(-6) console.log('You just clicked on color #' + hexColor) let sprite = this.sprites.filter(sprite => === hexColor) // You now have the sprite yea! }) ... // RGB Util rgbToHex(r, g, b) { if (r > 255 || g > 255 || b > 255) throw "Invalid color component" return ((r << 16) | (g << 8) | b).toString(16) } Console returns You now have your clicked Sprite! Thanks you guys for reading, hope this can help someone! Léo DESIGAUX Link to the Project Link to my Website Link to my Twitter Link to my Linkedin
  2. Small mini game without any libraries on purejs. Have fun