spin 0 Report post Posted September 22, 2015 Hi, i have just started to study three.js and i am having some trouble to write a function that takes as arguments an object position (Vector3) and a time in milliseconds, and gradually rotate the camera to face it in that time. Substantially a lerp version of the builtin lookAt method. First i've tried using tweenjs to get smooth rotate transition. For the start and end parameters i've created a dummy object and set its position, rotation and quaternion the same as the camera, then i have use the lookAt function on it to face towards the object and i've stored its quaternion in a new variable "targetQuaternion". Then i have used this variable as the target parameter in the TWEEN.Tween method to update camera.quaternion. I've tried before with quaternions to avoid gymbal lock and then with rotation, but none works fine.function rotateCameraToObject(object3D, time) { var cameraPosition = camera.position.clone(); // camera original position var cameraRotation = camera.rotation.clone(); // camera original rotation var cameraQuaternion = camera.quaternion.clone(); // camera original quaternion var dummyObject = new THREE.Object3D(); // dummy object // set dummyObject's position, rotation and quaternion the same as the camera dummyObject.position.set(cameraPosition.x, cameraPosition.y, cameraPosition.z); dummyObject.rotation.set(cameraRotation.x, cameraRotation.y, cameraRotation.z); dummyObject.quaternion.set(cameraQuaternion.x, cameraQuaternion.y, cameraQuaternion.z); // lookAt object3D dummyObject.lookAt(object3D); // store its quaternion in a variable var targetQuaternion = dummyObject.quaternion.clone(); // tween start object var tweenStart = { x: cameraQuaternion.x, y: cameraQuaternion.y, z: cameraQuaternion.z, w: cameraQuaternion.w }; //tween target object var tweenTarget = { x: targetQuaternion.x, y: targetQuaternion.y, z: targetQuaternion.z, w: targetQuaternion.w }; // tween stuff var tween = new TWEEN.Tween(tweenStart).to(tweenTarget, time); tween.onUpdate(function() { camera.quaternion.x = tweenStart.x; camera.quaternion.y = tweenStart.y; camera.quaternion.z = tweenStart.z; camera.quaternion.w = tweenStart.w; }); tween.start();}So this does not work. I've also tried another approach, computing the angle between camera vector and object vector and use that angle as target rotation:function rotateCameraToObject(object3D, time) { // camera original position var cameraPosition = camera.position.clone(); // object3D position var objectPosition = object3D.position.clone(); // direction vector from camera towards object3D var direction = objectPosition.sub(cameraPosition); // compute Euler angle var angle = new THREE.Euler(); angle.setFromVector3(direction); /* * tween stuff */ var start = { x: camera.rotation.clone().x, y: camera.rotation.clone().y, z: camera.rotation.clone().z, } var end = { x: angle._x, y: angle._y, z: angle._z, } var tween = new TWEEN.Tween(start).to(end, time); tween.onUpdate(function() { camera.rotation.y = start.x; camera.rotation.y = start.y; camera.rotation.y = start.z; }); tween.start(); }This doesn't work neither, eventually camera rotate towards the object but the rotation is not right. Any help? What is the correct way to have a lerp rotate function for the camera? Thanks in advance! Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

dimumurray 14 Report post Posted September 23, 2015 You should check out this thread posted a week ago: how to take the short rotation direction The focus is on Babylon.js but it tackles some of the issues you've presented. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

spin 0 Report post Posted September 24, 2015 Hi, thank you very much for the link. So now i understand how to correctly compute the angle of rotation and the sign of the angle (clockwise or anticlockwise). But what i still didn't get is how use that angle to make a smooth rotation of the camera in threejs, i've looked at the api but didn't find any helper function for this. There is a Quaternion.slerp function but i don't understand how to compute the target quaternion for the rotation. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

lo.th 12 Report post Posted October 2, 2015 simply use math var Orbit = function (origine, h, v, distance) { origine = origine || new THREE.Vector3(); var p = new THREE.Vector3(); var phi = v*Math.PI / 180; var theta = h*Math.PI / 180; p.x = (distance * Math.sin(phi) * Math.cos(theta)) + origine.x; p.z = (distance * Math.sin(phi) * Math.sin(theta)) + origine.z; p.y = (distance * Math.cos(phi)) + origine.y; return p;} Share this post Link to post Share on other sites

tr3online 0 Report post Posted December 11, 2016 Seeing as the OP said he is new to three.js, and I am as well, would you care to explain the "simple" math above so that people struggling with the same issue have some sort of context? Thanks. @lo.th Share this post Link to post Share on other sites